In the present day world due to several reasons TV and cinema have become the most meaningful and popular means of mass communication influencing a lot the public opinion. It is films and TV programs that form the attitude of people to whatever it can be: to favorite autos of their protagonists, to the clothes they dress in, the way they speak, or behave-

Thus the question arises: who controls the production of films and TV programs on a country-wide level? Who manages the process of the formation of the public opinion?

Ideally the ideology of the country is a state`s duty. But on the other side the creators of the films and programs themselves should feel the responsibility for what they are doing. Because it is them who build up by their creations a certain atmosphere in the society.

Have you ever thought of the impact of the film in which the main character, a bandit, holds up banks, kill people, rape women, explode buildings and aircrafts? Or of the TV program which tells a story of a police-man the robber, or a prosecutor the drunkard, or a judge the briber? And their effect can even be stronger than of any other positive character, as the worse is much quicker and easier grasped by memory than the good. And what do we get from the films and programs like the above-mentioned? Quite a logical consequence: - murders, robbery, stealing, terrorism, and disrespect of the Law and its representatives.
One can get scared out of all that.

Scared not so of the films themselves as of the effect they make on him. Taking into account that the majority of their potential spectators is made up of young people from 16 to 25 year-old one can get even more scared. Their unstable psychic of the teens, not yet formed can easily be influenced to the different impacts from the outside. All they see on the screen they try to render into real life. And then it comes to a real tragedy. That is why we have made up our minds to pay special attention to the films of the so-to-speak law enforcement subject. This idea gave birth to the International Festival of detective films and TV programs on Law Enforcement Issues, held originally under the name Legal Order and Society. This festival`s name narrowed in a way the range of festival issues and attached it to the sphere of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

The main aim of the first festival, held in 1999, was to form a positive image of the representatives of the law and higher up the prestige of their profession. This mission was successfully fulfilled. The Grand-Prize went to the series "Streets of Broken Lights", and Mikhail Trukhin, an actor, who played the main role in it, was awarded with the special prize ?For the Best Image of the Militia-Man.

It was a really good beginning for the festival story. A large number of participants, a strong interest from the press and official structures` representatives, and the organizing efforts of the Festival team contributed to the festival`s recognition as the meaningful event in the social life of the country and to the decision to hold it annually.

The first festival with its friendly atmosphere gave an impetus to the feeling of mutual respect in between journalists, cinematographers and representatives of law. Their attitude towards each other`s professions began to change for the better. As a result of this there came into life new ideas and new projects of films and programs devoted to this complicated subject.

The aims and missions of the second festival (2000) have consequently become broader and deeper and were the following:

  • to develop cultural and information cooperation;
  • to broaden international links in regard to civil security and fight against terrorism;
  • to strengthen cooperation among cinematographers, TV journalists and law-enforcement agencies;
  • to contribute to the formation of the open civil society.

By the second festival the Ministry of Internal Affairs of RF and other law-enforcement agencies have already realized the importance of working at their own image by means of the festival and have come up to support it.

The main prize of the second festival went to the series "Maroseika, 12", which depicts all the extremes of the every day work of tax policemen. The film provokes among spectators sincere esteem and admiration of this profession and its representatives.

First and foremost there must be trust and respect to the people who defend you, provide your security, to the representatives of the power - otherwise we cannot speak of a sound society.

By the third festival organizers have tangibly felt the impact of the festival, the need for it and its significance both for both TV and cinema professionals and people representing the law. In the years of 2000-2001 Russia witnessed a number of horrible acts of terror (explosions of houses in Volgodonsk, Buinaks, Moscow, an explosion in the Moscow subway) which stressed the actuality of the terror problem. It is not a problem of a single city, or a country, or a continent, but a problem facing the whole world!

At first sight it seems to be the problem of professionals, i.e. special services, their direct duty. But there are as well indirect ways of solving this problem. On one side they are the common steps of politicians from different countries in the fight against terror, and on the other side it is TV and cinema, which also fight.

Festival took upon itself a duty to award authors of the best TV and cinema productions consolidating society in the fight against crime and terror.

The slogan of the 3rd festival, held in April, 2001, "Fight against crime and terrorism is an international responsibility!" sounds more actual now after the 11th September.

The jury of the 3d festival noted a qualitatively new level of the films and programs submitted to the festival competition. They have acquired a new analytical way of representation, a deeper insight into the subject. This was a very big plus. Organizers and the journalists began to realize the ideological significance of the festival. There appeared premises for the creation of the state ideology through the films and TV programs of the festival, which make one feel respect to the Law and its representatives to the symbols of the state power.

Thus the Festival turned into a unique event in the cultural and social life of Russia and ex-Soviet states. Gradually it became an integral cultural component of the declarations made by Presidents of different countries in order to get united in the fight against terrorism.

It is the only festival in the world which unite on an equal basis cinema, TV and law-enforcement institutions. That is why the festival was called "Law and Society". The word "and" renders the main meaning - communication, based on the mutual respect of these two systems. In this word as well is the strive of the of festival organizers for the uniting of the two.

The international status of the 4th Festival gave real opportunities for the development of cooperation in between cinema and TV companies, law-enforcement institutions and international public organizations from different countries.

The slogan of the Festival "Fight against crime and terrorism is an international responsibility!" will serve a basis for the further festival activities to be held all over the world. The inclusion of the detective films into the festival program will draw more of public attention, as there is probably no one in the world who has ever in his life been carried away by a good detective either in books or on the screen.

We think it our duty to pay tribute to the mastery of detective story-tellers. In a classical detective story the secret is always revealed, the good gets the upper hand over the evil, punishment follows every crime, and its inevitability prevents people from violating the Law anew.

That is why we think it necessary to draw attention of the readers and spectators to the classical detective genre which helps in the present-day life to build up a society of kindness and justice.

Besides, we firmly believe that the formation of the aware respectful attitude to the Law and its representatives will contribute to bringing order into our society. As cinema and TV are the most popular, effective and intelligible means of mass communication it presses for one thing - not a bandit with his philosophy of a burglar should become the main character of films and TV programs, but a man guarding the law, winning every crime.

Thus it is very important to support people who produce films and TV programs consolidating the society in the fight against terrorism, propagating a way of life in which the Law is fundamental.

One should have an inner conviction to abide strictly by law. Only in this case he will follow the state laws written on a paper. Thus it comes to the following: very high is the responsibility of TV and cinema producers working at this subject. It is they who form the perception of spectators. It is they whom it depends upon whether the main character will be a smuggler or a bandit or a representative of Law. And mostly them the attitude of the society to the law, to the crime, to the police, to the state symbols depends on.

The aim of the festival is to implement all those tasks.